Study Links Man-Made Climate Changes To Extreme Weather Events

climate changes landscape

New study results say they can directly tie severe droughts and extreme weather events to climate changes.

This week, Noah Diffenbaugh of Stanford University released the results of a new study. These claim that they can directly tie severe droughts and extreme weather events to climate changes. As more and more data adds up, most of those changes are reportedly caused by human activity.

Climate Is Not Weather, But…

This new study looked at the recent events of the last few years and compared them to the frequency of similar events in previous decades. As it did so, it tried to find differences in severity, as well as what might be the cause of those differences.
“Our results suggest that the world isn’t quite at the point where every record hot event has a detectable human fingerprint, but we are getting close.” Diffenbaugh said.
In reference to the low Arctic sea ice in 2012, he replied that it would have been “extremely unlikely” to achieve such levels without the influence of global warming. Currently, the sea ice extent is at record-low values.This relatively new field of study is called extreme weather attribution. Reports show that the scientists’ interest in it by scientists is growing.  Questions often arise after extreme weather events, whether it be a hurricane or a drought. These ask whether the phenomenon is something more extreme than those in the past. Or is it that these events happen more often? Maybe it is both? This new field of science is aimed directly at producing the data necessary to find that out.

In the past, scientists have often avoided direct linkage of specific events to climate changes due to naturally fluctuating patterns. New research is pointing out that this may not be possible anymore.

Diffenbaugh also pointed out the “explosion of research”. This has been growing stronger over the last decade. It also reached the point where it will only take a few weeks after a major event to release research results on the matter. If events continue to increase in severity and regularity, this new field may become quite important.

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This New Device Could Be The Latest Water Source In The Desert

new device in desert

A team of researchers developed a new technique for pulling water from thin air.

Researchers at MIT or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of California at Berkeley developed a new technique for pulling water from thin air. This new device makes use of something called an MOF (metal-organic framework). These compounds formed from metals and organic molecules are extremely porous, capable of pulling both water, methane, and carbon dioxide from the air, making future applications potentially limitless, besides providing a new water source.

This Is A New Device for Drawing Water from Thin Air

The MOF powder, made from a combination of adipic acid and zirconium metal, is placed in a device called a water collector, which then absorbs water molecules directly from the air. Even in the driest parts of Earth, water still floats in the air as evaporated particles.

Once the MOF pulls in all the water it can and becomes completely saturated, the powder can then be heated to release it. As the water frees from the substrate, it gathers at the bottom of the collector. In fact, the current prototype uses sunlight to heat the MOF and release the water. As such, it requires no external sources of energy.
Previous methods using materials like zeolites require large amounts of energy to free up the water once it is trapped. Not so with the MOF design. According to researcher’s calculations, larger amounts of powder could produce more water. Two pounds of MOF might be able to produce as much as three liters in a twelve hour period.The new device prototype was described in a paper released by the journal Science. It works in areas with as low as twenty percent humidity. On larger scales, it could be used in order to provide an emergency water source in drought situations. Or it could work for small communities that have little or no access to public drinking water supplies.

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Google’s Fact Check Will See A News And Search Expansion

google fact check

Google announced late last week that it would be expanding its Fact Check tag to Google News and some Search results.

Google announced late last week that it would be expanding its Fact Check tag. This was first introduced last October, but only on Google News and in a small number of countries. At the time, the Internet giant company was joined in its task by Jigsaw. Now, Google stated that it would be extending this tag to include both its Google News and some Search results.

The Fact Check Tag Should Start Being Generally Available In Both News And Search

According to Google, its “Fact Check” tag should include information that has been fact checked by both organizations specialized in this area and by news publishers. Following the received feedback, the company reportedly decided to expand this service. As such, this will become globally available, across all supported languages. Also, it will start being used in Search results, as well. Initially, it was only introduced for Google News.

The company states that, from now on, as the user conducts a search, they will receive an ‘authoritative result’ which contains fact checked data. One that has been verified by one or more public claims. In its statement, Google stated that:

“The snippet will display information on the claim, who made the claim, and the fact check of that particular claim.”

However, Google also stated that this tag wouldn’t be available for quite ‘every search result’. Also, as the facts are verified by multiple publishers, these may also reach different conclusions for the same claims. The company emphasized that the ‘fact checks are not Google’s’. As it is, they are reportedly presented so that people can make ‘more informed judgments’.

Google considers that its readers and users will find it easier to make an informed decision as they note who considers what, even when the various publishers reach different conclusions on the same fact. As such, people should allegedly have ‘an easier time’ assessing and reviewing such fact checks.

Image Source: Wikimedia

Europe’s First Cave Fish Discovery Was A Lucky Find

cave fish

Researchers have been studying cave fish, the first ever to be discovered in Europe.

Researchers have been studying cave fish, the first ever to be discovered in Europe. These are quite a lucky find as they were first spotted by hobby divers. They found the fish in an underground cavern situated in southern Germany.

According to preliminary research, these loaches may also be the as yet most northerly species of cave fish ever detected. The team believes that they split from their surface-dwelling relatives sometime in the last 20,000 years. A study paper on the matter was released in the Current Biology journal.

“We never would have expected something like this so there may be some other things out there.” This is according to Dr. Behrmann-Godel, one of the study researchers.

The European Cave Fish, Spotted Back In 2015, Was A Chance Discovery

This new research wouldn’t have been possible were it not for a chance discovery. A hobby diver was exploring the Danube-Aach cave system. Back in 2015, he first spotted such a specimen and managed to snap its photo. Then, he also managed to capture one, which fiinally led to this new study.

The researchers carried out a variety of analyses, including genetic ones. These revealed the close relation between the cave fish and the stone loaches swimming in the nearby waters. This has given rise to a number of questions, including the following: Should these cave dwelling fish be a new species, or not?

The German-based cave fish are a pinkish color and have no scales. Also, their skin is quite translucent, as the researchers are able to see the blood vessels running underneath it. They also seem to have a declining vision, one which would fit with their environmental conditions. As it is, more studies on the matter are still needed.

Also, according to the team, these may not be the last such species discovered in the German caves, as research in the area will most likely continue.

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Opioid Exposures Among Young Adults And Children

opioid exposures

The opioid exposures among young adults were intentional.

The opioid epidemic is a big problem in the US. State officials are taking action to decrease the rate of opioid overdoses, but they are failing. More and more people are dying from opioid overdoses. Another problem is that the opioid exposures among children are increasing.

Reports show that in the last 15 years, there were more than 188,000 calls about opioid exposures among young adults and children. These numbers were reported by poison control centers in the US. This means that there are more than 11,000 calls every year related to opioid exposures in children.

A new study shows the impact opioids have on children and young adults. When it comes to children younger than 5 years old, the opioid exposures were caused by the fact that they tend to explore and maybe they found a pill and ingested it.

Children older than 6 years old are usually victims of medication errors. Parents sometimes forget the correct dosage or they give them a second dose without noticing. The biggest problem is with young adults. The exposures to opioids in young adults were intentional. Teens have a higher risk of having suicidal thoughts and they might try taking opioids.

The reports show that the opioid exposures increased between 2000 and 2009. Researchers observed that over that period the cases of children’s exposure to opioids increased by 86%. Opioid exposures declined after 2009, but the decrease was minor.

Experts mentioned that this decline is because doctors started to limit the number of opioid prescriptions. Also, parents started to get better at locking away pills from their children. Improved technologies also help prevent people from purchasing large amounts of opioids.

The downside of the improved technology is that people are now replacing opioids with street drugs such as heroin. Despite the fact that the opioid exposures among children decreased, they are still bigger now than they were in 2000.

This report also shows that teens who abuse opioids received a prescription for them before they started abusing them. The rate of teens using these drugs for non-medical and medical use is slowly declining. Despite this fact, the rate is still too high. Researchers mentioned that these findings don’t apply to all the US. This is because opioid exposures affect some areas more than others.

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More Opioid Prescriptions In The US Than Any Other Country

opioid prescriptions

Doctors should stop giving opioid prescriptions.

Opioids are one of the biggest problems in the US. More and more people die from opioids overdose. Despite the fact that the number of opioid prescriptions has been decreasing in the last few years, Americans are the ones that consume the most opioids in the world.

The US is the country where people use opioids more than in any other parts of the world. Despite the fact that states officials have been trying to lower the rate of opioid consumption, this did not happen. A new report shows that US citizens are prescribed 6 times more opioids per capita than citizens in France or Portugal.

The numbers are shocking, especially because there are so many deaths caused by opioid prescriptions. Doctors should stop giving opioid prescriptions. Instead, people should receive other drugs that are less harmful and less addictive too.

Everybody knows that opioids are addictive. Once a person starts to take them they can’t stop easily. After they don’t receive opioid prescriptions anymore, they tend to use other drugs like heroin. These drugs are dangerous. They have cause hundreds of deaths every year in the US.

The most shocking news is that US citizens consume almost 99% of the opioid supplies worldwide. This means that there are countries where opioids are not even prescribed. Despite the fact that many might believe that there are many opioid prescriptions in the US due to the aging population, this is not true.

There are other countries that have more people aged more than 65 and the consumption of opioids is much lower than in the US. One factor that can influence the number of opioid prescription is the aggressive marketing of pharmaceutical manufacturers.

They are the ones who benefit from the consumption of opioids. The ones that produce these drugs are also the ones that still support the consumption of their products in the US. People should stop consuming these drugs and try other alternative measures.

For instance, for chronic back pain guidelines recommend massages and exercises. Drugs are only recommended when these alternative measures fail. Opioids are not recommended in any case since they are so dangerous.

What is your opinion about the fact that the US has the most opioid prescriptions in the world?

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Too Much Screen Time For Children Can Cause Diabetes

screen time

There might be a connection between screen time and diabetes.

Technology has almost become a family member for most of us. We use smartphones, TVs, laptops, tablets, and other gadgets in order to stay connected, work, and relax. Since they see their parents on the laptop all the time, children tend to spend more and more screen time. We all know that there are some consequences to this problem.

Previous studies showed that children that spend too much screen time have a higher risk of becoming overweight or obese. A new study goes even further. It shows that there might be a connection between screen time and diabetes. Although it might seem like a long shot, researchers believe that children who spend too much screen time are more likely to develop diabetes.

The Effects of Spending Too Much Screen Time

This research was conducted by scientists at the University of London. They analyzed more than 4,400 9 and 10-year olds. Researchers observed that 1 in 5 children spend more than 3 hours in front of screens. They also saw that these kids were heavier. The ones that are more likely to spend more screen time were boys.

The team of researchers mentioned that heavier children have a higher chance of developing insulin resistance. This means that they might have higher levels of blood sugar. Over time, these levels can increase the chance of developing type 2 diabetes. Researchers believe that kids should spend less time watching TV or playing video games.

 “Our findings suggest reducing screen time may be beneficial in reducing type 2 diabetes risk factors,” mentioned the leader of the study, Dr. Claire Nightingale.

In order to be healthy and to avoid disease, children need to spend more time outside, away from any type of screen. This way they can also develop their social and emotional skills. Kids who tend to spend more time playing on the computer or checking their smartphone are less likely to have many friends. This is because they tend to be more isolated than others.

Many studies showed that spending too much screen time is not beneficial for children and adults. Besides the fact that it can increase the chance of obesity and disease, it also increases the feeling of isolation.

What is your opinion about this study? Do you think that it is healthy to spend so much time on the computer?

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Brain Activity Continues After The Heart Stops Beating

brain activity

A new study suggests that brain activity doesn’t simply stop the moment we die.

We all know that our heart is the engine that keeps us alive. As long as it beats, we live. Apparently, there is a part of our system that works after the heart stops. Our brain is the one that can still function after we are practically dead.A new study suggests that brain activity doesn’t simply stop the moment we die. Although it doesn’t function for a long time after the heart stops, this research shows that the brain works a few minutes after we die.

Brain activity is found in dead patient

The researchers discovered that our brain continues its activity for almost 10 minutes after we are considered dead. Although it might seem odd, the brain activity in dead people is the same as the one in people who are sleeping.

This study was conducted by researchers from the University of Western Ontario. Their findings show, once again, how complex the brain really is. Previous studies conducted on decapitated rats showed that their brain still worked a minute after they were killed. This new research shows that there is a big difference between the brain activity observed in people and the one observed in rats.

In order to conduct this study, scientists analyzed 4 people who were taken off life support. They analyzed both the brain activity levels before and after they were taken off life support. The researchers observed that one of the patients’ brain was active more than 10 minutes after he was considered dead.

A Rare Phenomenon, Not a Scientific Fact

Despite the fact that scientists observed brain activity after death, they are more inclined to believe that it was a rare phenomenon and not a scientific reality. However you put it, the research shows that some people can experience brain activity even after they are dead.

Due to the fact that it has ethical implications, the researchers mentioned that they can’t continue their studies. The researchers mentioned that they can’t consider these findings a scientific fact because only one of these patients had brain activity after he was dead.

The team of scientists completed the research by saying that death is a mysterious phenomenon. They also stated that this phenomenon is different for every person that experiences it. This is because every person’s system reacts differently when he or she dies.

What is your opinion about this study?

Image source: Wikipedia

Many US Deaths Tied To Soda And Bacon

bacon causes many US deaths

Many US deaths are caused by the fact that people tend to avoid good foods like nuts and seeds.

We all love to eat fast food sometimes. Sugary drinks and sodas are tasty too but they are dangerous for our health. As we have all heard that too much fat and sugar can harm us, a new study ties these products to many US deaths.

It is normal to crave bacon and soda from time to time but studies show that people tend to eat these products more often that they should. This is why researchers decided to show how bacon and soda can damage our health.

This new study suggests that eating too much bacon and drinking too many sodas contribute to more than 40% of US deaths. Despite the fact that these products did not kill these people, they were responsible for the heart diseases and strokes that killed them.

The report also states that good foods are usually skipped by many US people while bad foods are over-eaten. These good foods include seafood, fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Many US deaths are caused by the fact that people tend to avoid these products.

The majority of people over-eat bad foods that include processed meats, sugary drinks, and red meats. These products contain too much salt, sugar or fat. Our body is not designed to digest and assimilate so much fat and sugar. This is why many people nowadays suffer from diabetes and heart diseases.

These health conditions caused by bad foods are responsible for 40% of the US deaths. This means that what we eat can be the reason for our health conditions. The researchers who conducted this study recommended people to start over-eating the good foods and under-eat the bad ones.

This report is based on data from more than 700.000 US deaths. These deaths occurred in 2012 and were caused by strokes, diabetes, and heart disease. The researchers also used an analysis of health surveys which questioned its participants about what they usually eat.

Most of the people who participated in these surveys over-eat red meats and under-eat nuts and seafood. This is why researchers also published a guideline that shows the exact amount of bad and good foods that should be consumed by every adult.

What is your opinion about this study? Did you know that these products were responsible for 40% of the US deaths?

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Facebook Developing Technology That Spots Suicidal Users

suicidal users on Facebook

This way, suicidal users will be contacted by an advisor or counselor that can help them.

Facebook is one of the tech giants that wants to support and help its users. It helped people raise money for charity in live videos on Facebook. Now, it is going to use AI technology in order to spot suicidal users.

Due to the fact that people are becoming more and more stressed, suicide is becoming a more common problem. This is why Facebook decided to help people who are feeling down and want to end their life. Many people tend to write messages right before they are planning on ending their lives. Some people even make videos.

Facebook’s technology works with algorithms. They report any data that they think is a warning sign. In order to make sure that they verify everything, the algorithms look at posts, videos, and comments. Once this tech finds something that is considered a warning sign, human reviewers step in. They can contact the suicidal users to find out if everything is ok.

Facebook mentioned that they want to invest more in this project. They mentioned that they want to work with helplines. This way, suicidal users will be contacted by an advisor or counselor that can help them. A collaboration between Facebook and helplines can help people that suffer from depression and what to kill themselves.

Facebook has been spotting suicidal users for more than 10 years. Until now, they relied on other users to report anything unusual. Now that they have the AI technology, it can be a lot easier for the social platform to find and help suicidal users.

The tech giant stated that this is the first time they are using AI tech for reporting posts for troubling content. Facebook also mentioned that they might continue to use AI tech in order to find abusive people or even terrorists.

The social platform decided to roll out the suicide measures for Facebook Live too. This means that the AI tech is going to flag videos that contain suicidal content. This action was taken by Facebook due to the fact that many people killed themselves while broadcasting on Facebook.

What is your opinion about the measures that Facebook is taking to spot suicidal users?

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