Coconut Oil is not Good for your Cholesterol Level

coconut oil is not good

The AHA has found that coconut oil is not good for your cholesterol level

The American Heart Association has said that coconut oil is not good, because it raises the “bad” cholesterol just like other alimentary items do (butter, beef). The AHA has concluded that coconut oil is 82% richer in saturated fat compared with 63% in the case of butter and 50% for beef fat.

Coconut Oil is not Good for Cholesterol Levels

This is on the account that butter and beef drippings have a smaller level of saturated fat, which, in turn, increases the levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). This is the type of cholesterol that builds up in the blood vessels which, then, can lead to clot formation and heart attacks.

As such, coconut oil is not good for cooking, the AHA warns, recommending consumers to switch this type of oil with the polyunsaturated fats, such as corn, soybean, and peanut oils.

In a quote, Dr. Frank Sacks, a researcher at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, said that:

“Replacing saturated with polyunsaturated has a two-fold effect because a fat that causes heart disease is lowered and a fat that prevents heart disease is increased”.

Moreover, in 7 out of 7 studies that the AHA has reviewed for its advisory published in the journal Circulation, they have found that coconut oil raises the LDL levels as much as other ingredients (butter, beef, palm oil). They suggest that replacing the saturated fats found coconut oil with vegetable oil reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease by 30%.

This is as means to fight against cardiovascular disease, which is one of the leading death causes worldwide. So much so, it leads to 17.3m fatalities per year. Because coconut oil is not good, the AHA recommends either a Mediterranean-style diet or the ‘Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet’.

Dr. Lennert Veerman, of the Cancer Council NSW in Sydney, states that

“(…) a small reduction of risk every day adds up, so replacing coconut oil with olive oil may be an easy way to reduce risk a bit”.

Image Source: Pixabay

New Study Offers New Statistics For Young People With ADHD

young people behind the wheel

Young people with ADHD present a higher risk of car crashes, but this can be managed through some simple steps.

The most recent research on the matter returned some new statistics regarding young people with ADHD and their performances behind the wheel. This study found that such drivers present a 36 percent higher risk of crashing when compared to other newly licensed youth. However, this value is significantly lower when compared to the previous report on the matter.

Young People with ADHD Present Manageable Crash Risks

The new survey was conducted by specialists at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). Research results are available in a paper in the JAMA Pediatrics.  

The CHOP research is based on data gathered from 18,500 electronic health records. These target children born in between 1987 to 1997. Almost 2,500 among them have been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

“Our results indicate that newly licensed adolescents with ADHD have a greater risk of crashing than other young drivers, but that this is a manageable risk,” said Allison E. Curry.

She is the principal investigator of the CHOP study. According to Curry, the study results indicate that while the crash risk is higher than in general, it is also a manageable situation. Namely, the team considers that the situation can be turned around. Special program for youth diagnosed with ADHD that want to drive could be created.

Namely, they could receive an evidence-based training. They could also be instructed as to the risks and additional requirements of such an activity.

The study team was also reportedly surprised to note the low number of young drivers with ADHD which were prescribed medication, namely, just 12 percent. Previous studies claimed that such a treatment could help reduce crash risks. Still, this method can only be useful if people also take the prescribed medication.

A treatment plan can also be therapeutic and doesn’t necessarily have to depend on medicine. However, researchers consider that youth with ADHD interested in getting behind the wheel should follow one such therapy. Also, they should be informed about the seriousness of operating a car and of the extra attention it requires.

Image Source: Flickr

Eating An Egg Every Day Can Seemingly Help Babies Grow Big And Taller

egg every day

A new study indicates that giving babies an egg every day may improve their chances of growing healthy and tall.

According to a new research, giving weaned babies an egg every day could help them grow bigger, taller, and healthier, especially if they are undernourished.

The new study was carried out in Ecuador, a country confronting a widespread growth stunting problem. Research was conducted in the Ecuadorian Andes and involved around 160 babies aged 6 to 9 months old.

These had all been recently weaned. As part of the study, 80 of them were given an egg every day over six months. The remaining 80 babies continued being fed according to their usual diet. Study results are available in a paper in the journal Pediatrics.

An Egg Every Day Can Help Increase Growth Chances

The study team noted that the babies fed with an egg on a daily basis were twice more likely to growth bigger, taller, and healthier when compared to the other group. Also, researchers point out that this is the first controlled and randomized study to analyze the effects of eggs on stunting.

“It’s no single nutrient in the eggs but rather the whole package of amino acids and fatty acids, and also vitamins like and choline and B12,” states Lora Iannotti.

She is the study’s author and part of Washington University in St. Louis. Stunting is one of the main issues that the World Health Assembly is planning on overcoming by 2025. Babies with a stunted growth tend to develop into smaller children and then rather reduced height adults.

Stunting was also associated with a reduced lifespan and even cognitive development problems. As such, the study team considers that eggs could be both a promising and somewhat cheap way of dealing with stunting. Especially so in countries in which this is a big problem.

Also, the team detected an unexpected other effect of eating an egg a day. Babies with such a dietary plan also consumed less sugar and sugar-sweetened foods. Iannotti states that the study wasn’t looking or expecting such an effect.

They also have yet to establish a cause and effect relation for this finding. Still, they believe that the sensation of being filled decrease the kids’ appetite for other foods.

Image Source: Pixabay

Opioid Crisis: More Accidental Overdoses and Overdose Deaths

overdose deaths

A new report shows that there were more than 4,000 overdose deaths in Ohio.

The opioid crisis is one of the biggest problems the United States is currently facing. In the last few years, thousands of lives have been taken by opioids. A new report shows that there were more than 4,000 overdose deaths in Ohio. This state is one of the most affected by the opioid crisis.

Overdose Deaths

The number of overdose deaths seems to increase every year, despite considerable efforts made by state officials. Ohio saw a 36% increase in overdose deaths since 2015. Two years ago, more than 3,000 cases were reported. In 2016, more than 4,149 overdose deaths were linked with opioid overdose or consumption. This year, authorities are concerned that the number of deaths caused by opioids will only be higher.

Another report, conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation, shows that Ohio had the biggest incidence of overdose deaths in the US in the last 2 years. Synthetic opioids like carfentanil and fentanyl were the more likely culprits. These drugs are more powerful than heroin and morphine, and significantly cheaper. Nevertheless, just a small amount can kill a person.

Police officers and investigators observed that many drug dealers are presently selling fentanyl-laced heroin. Unsuspecting buyers get more than they bargain for when preparing and injecting the substance which, in normal conditions, if 50 to 100 times more potent than what they were accustomed to.

Accidental Overdoses

Cops have a hard time protecting themselves from the opioid crisis. Since fentanyl and carfentanil hit the market, officers are also at risk. Carfentanil, for instance, is actually an elephant tranquilizer. When it comes into contact with the skin, a very small amount can prove fatal, especially since the epiderm absorbs the substance. Several police officers overdosed at the scenes after touching objects laced with carfentanil.

An Ohio officer accidentally overdosed after he brushed off some white powder from his shirt. The white powder was fentanyl-laced heroin belonging to a man that was arrested earlier that night. Several doses of Narcan were used to revive the officer.

Another policeman overdosed on 19 May, after he was at the scene of a suspected opioid overdose. The man started feeling sick seconds after he started searching for drugs at the scene. To revive him, the paramedics used several doses of Narcan. Even the paramedic that helped the police officer needed treatment for exposure to drugs.

Image source: Wikipedia

 

Tree Nuts Prove To Be An Effective Choice For Post-Colon Cancer

tree nuts

Research showed the beneficial effects of eating tree nuts after following a colon cancer treatment.

A new study showed that eating certain types of tree nuts could significantly help people that have followed a colon cancer treatment. They may do so as they were noted to lower the recurrence risk of the diseases and to reduce death risks.

This new report was released earlier this week, ahead of the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology or ASCO. This will be taking place in Chicago next month. Its results are based on an observational, long-term study. It followed over 826 patients that had been treated for stage III colon cancer. Usually, this therapy includes both chemotherapy and surgery.

Patients to follow this treatment and whose cancer has not spread in the body have a 70 percent median survival chance of 3 years following therapy.

Tree Nuts, an Efficient and Natural Post-Treatment Treat

According to the research team, around 19 percent of the involved patients consumed around 2 or more ounces of nuts of all type on a weekly basis. These presented an average 42 percent lower risk of cancer recurrence. Also, they had a 57 percent decreased risk of death when compared with patients that consumed no nuts at all.

Based on this, the study team also took a closer look at the types of nuts consumed. Which helped them determined that tree nuts had even better results, even if only by a few. Patients that ate these types showed a 53 percent lower risk of death. They also had a 46 percent decreased cancer recurrence rate. This was also for a consumption rate of 2 or more ounces per week.

“[…] we felt that it was important to determine if these benefits [of nut consumption] could also apply to colorectal cancer patients,” said Temidayo Fadelu.

He is the study’s lead and a clinical fellow in medicine at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Still, scientists point out that tree nuts should be used aside and not replace colon cancer treatments.

Also, the team noted that this was an observational study. As such, they were unable to establish a cause and effect relation.

Tree nuts include walnuts, pecans, almonds, cashew, and hazelnuts. The more commonly eaten peanut and peanut butter reported no significant effect.

Image Source: Wikimedia

Scientist Brings New Evidence In Favor Of The Human Sense Of Smell

human sense of smell

There have been many debates whether the human sense of smell is, in fact, inferior to that of animals.

Many have started debates on the subject of the human sense of smell and its alleged inferiority to that of its animal kingdom equivalent. In response, a researcher named John McGann recently released a paper which contradicts this claim. According to McGann, there’s nothing wrong with humanity’s olfactory capabilities. In fact, they may be even better than believed.

John McGann is a neuroscientist part of the Rutgers Department of Psychology Behavioral and Systems Neuroscience Department. He published his new study result in a paper in the journal Science. The researcher based his studies on the comparisons between the human and rodent sense of smell.

“Actually, we have a really excellent sense of smell,” says McGann. “There are quite a lot of experiments showing that the human sense of smell is pretty similar to what you can find with a rat or a mouse or a dog”.

Myth of the Human Sense of Smell and its Origins

So the researcher nosed his way until he found the reported root of this misconception. McGann states that this idea can be traced back to Paul Broca. He is a French neuroanatomist which lived in the 19th century. Broca divided mammals into two olfactory groups according to a set of factors. His division was based on the smell’s importance to the day-to-day life, was it critical for them (dogs, for example) or not (humans)?

His conclusion was that humans did not have to rely on their olfactory sense and that we sacrificed smell for evolution. His idea was then embraced by other scientists, including Sigmund Freud, among others, and its influence has created an actual myth around the human sense of smell.

Some of these claims are based on the fact that people have some 400 distinct smell receptors in their nose. This is less than a half of the 1000 detected in rats. However, McGann argues that “400 is an awful lot”. They can also allegedly help distinguish some “tens of millions of unique smells”.

The battle of the nose receptors has yet to offer a conclusive winner or lead to a consistent response. But as McGann points out, and other researchers as well agree, humans “are best” at detecting some smells, while dogs are better are smelling other odors.

Image Source: Pexels

UMMC Grounds May Be The Resting Place Of 7000 Bodies

7000 bodies in insane asylum

Specialists believe there may be as many as 7000 bodies buried on the grounds of the UMMC.

Specialists believe there may be as many as 7000 bodies buried on the grounds of the University of Mississippi Medical Center campus. The current UMMC grounds were once the site of an insane asylum. They also seem to be the resting place of the patients who had died there.

In 2013, UMMC workers found 66 coffins while building a road on the campus. A year later, underground radar tests detected 1,000 more coffins as the university was getting ready to build a parking garage. Researchers eventually found 2,000 more coffins and believe there are thousands more.

The Insane Asylum, which was built in 1855, was the first mental health institution in Mississippi. While the asylum was a better place for such patients than jails or attics, its conditions were still poor. Of the nearly 1400 patients admitted during the asylum’s first 22 years, over 20 percent died.

After the Civil War, the facility started expanding over the years until it could 6,000 patients at its peak. In 1935, the Mississippi government moved the asylum to the State Hospital at Whitfield, where it remains to this day. In the 1950s, construction began on what would become the UMMC grounds.

Future Fate of the 7000 Bodies

Now the UMMC faces the question of what to do with these probable 7,000 bodies. Exhuming and reburying them would cost $21 million in total or $3000 per body. Keeping the bodies in-house, by contrast, would cost $400,000 per year over an eight-year period.

The Asylum Hill Research Consortium recommends creating a memorial, visitors’ center, and laboratory to study the remains. Some researchers have already begun analyzing several dozen bodies to learn what their health was like.

Karen Clark of Clinton has proposed establishing a grant for collecting the patients’ DNA. This would help identify them, after which their descendants could be contacted. Clark believes that one of the patients was her great-great-grandfather, Isham Earnest, who is thought to have died at the asylum in the late 1850s.

Given the construction on the UMMC grounds, this is no longer a viable resting place for the 7000 bodies. Implementing both ideas sounds best. The memorial would pay respect to the deceased, and the DNA tests could identify peoples’ ancestors. Both the esearchers and any other interested parties could learn a lot from the laboratory and visitors’ center.

Image Source: Wikimedia

The Eta Aquariid Meteor Shower Will Peak This Week

eta aquariid meteor shower

The Eta Aquariid meteor shower will reach its peak this week, on May 5 and 6.

The Eta Aquariid meteor shower will reach its peak this week, on May 5 and 6 according to Bill Cooke. He is the head of NASA’s Meteoroid Environment Office. The meteor showers began on April 19 and will continue until May 28. Stargazers could see as many as 30 meteors in an hour.

The Eta Aquariid Meteor Shower Will Peak On May 5 And 6

The meteors come from Eta Aquarii, which is in the constellation of Aquarius and is one of the brightest stars out there. This meteor shower is caused by dust grains left behind by Halley’s Comet. Such grains are tiny, being no more than a millimeter thick.

When these enter the Earth’s atmosphere, the grains burn up and create the streaks of light that people can see in the sky. The Eta Aquariid meteors aren’t as numerous as the Perseid showers that appear every August, but they are at least as bright.

The Eta Aquariid meteor showers will hit their peak around dawn on May 5 and 6. By that time, the moon will have already set. As such, its light will not impede on the people’s ability to see the meteors.

Stargazers in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres will be able to see the meteor showers. However, those living in the Southern hemisphere will enjoy a particularly good view, for they will be able to face north and see the shower’s radiant.

According to Cooke, the best way to watch the meteor shower is to lie on one’s back and look up. Doing so will provide the widest field of vision and prevent the stargazer from developing a crick in their neck.

Watching the shower is easy, providing you have a dark sky and an unobstructed view. Dress warmly, for the pre-dawn hours can be cool. Sky gazers should allot at least an hour for the show and be prepared for some minutes of seeing nothing. Specialists point out that the eye first has to get used to the nighttime dark. Only then will it be able to spot and enjoy the meteor spectacle.

Image Source: Flickr

Researchers Made A List Of The Top 5 Preventable Life Shorteners

obese people, toys and life shorteners

A 2017 study that examined health data from 2014 recently revealed the top 5 preventable life shorteners in the U.S.

A 2017 study that examined health data from 2014 recently revealed the top 5 preventable life shorteners and causes of death in the United States. Working together, a team of researchers from the Cleveland Clinic and New York University School of Medicine established the following top 5. Obesity, diabetes, tobacco use, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol, in that order, are shortening life spans across the nation.

Obesity Takes the Lead as the Top Life Shorteners

While tobacco once topped the list of preventable ways Americans die, obesity has now surpassed it. This tops the list of deadly life choices, shortening life spans by 47% more years than tobacco. These results are seemingly not surprising.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity has been steadily rising since 1997. Then, 19.4% of the Americans over the age of 20 were obese. By 2015, that number had increased to 30.4%.

Diabetes came in second on the list. This too, is unsurprising, as obesity is on the rise and is “the single best predictor of type 2 diabetes.” Tobacco use and hypertension can shorten the life by almost the same amount. High cholesterol levels rounded out the top 5 preventable causes of death.

This study confirms that lifestyle choices are, in fact, linked to longevity. It is an excellent reminder that people have significant control over their health. It is possible to prevent or control every one of the life shorteners on this list. Though dangerous, high cholesterol and blood pressure respond to lifestyle changes.

Diabetes, too, can be managed and controlled. A study conducted by the National Institutes of Health showed that those with risk factors for diabetes reduced their likelihood of becoming diabetic by 58% through lifestyle changes.

Obesity can also be mastered with such changes, and tobacco use is always optional. The fact that this latter is no longer the nation’s top preventable killer proves that unhealthy habits can be altered. Medical science already knows how to prevent and control the killers on this list. This serves as an important guide detailing which unhealthy habits America needs to focus on defeating.

In short, this study sheds light on the preventable ways people are shortening their lives. Because each of these life shorteners is preventable, identifying them gives doctors and their patients the information they need to make healthier choices. Doing so can avoid or minimize the risks presented by such issues.

Image Source: Flickr

Enceladus Reveals The Chemical Energy Required By Life Forms

enceladus

Scientists believe that their instruments have found evidence of elemental hydrogen on Enceladus, Saturn’s moon.

Saturn’s moon, Enceladus, has long captured the imagination of scientists with its icy sheath of water on its surface. As such, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft has been exploring the ringed planted and its system of moons for over a decade. Now, scientists believe that their instruments have found evidence of elemental hydrogen. This is a key source of chemical energy for primitive life. A new study on the matter was published in the Science journal.

Enceladus Has The Base Compounds Needed for Alien Life Forms

Recently measured plumes of water shooting up from cracks in the surface of Enceladus have scientists intrigued. They believe this to be evidence of liquid water underneath its surface. Also, it could mark the presence of geothermal energy or vents that keep that water full of energy and nutrients. One of the main signatures of these potential nutrients is elemental hydrogen, which provides the necessary chemical energy.Cassini recently passed through one of these plumes, measuring the elements floating above the icy moon. The tests proved positive, adding more to the pile of evidence leading toward the potential for alien life on one of Saturn’s many satellites.

Jonathan Lunine of Cornell University, a study co-author, was quoted as saying:

“Combined with our knowledge that there’s an ocean under Enceladus, that it’s salty, that it contains organics and mineral interactions . . . it really completes the case for the ocean being habitable or being able to sustain life.”

Many biologists believe that the first life on Earth evolved around hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor. There, primitive bacteria fed on hydrogen cyanide and still do. It was only much later in the evolutionary scale that things like photosynthesis came to have a role in providing energy for living organisms.

The parallels are fascinating for scientists. As such, pressure is reportedly growing in the academic community for additional, more extensive missions to Saturn and Jupiter’s moons to look for life.

Image Source: Wikimedia